umatilla reservation population
Jan 12 2021 4:42 AM

The Umatilla Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. The CTUIR GIS Program’s mission is to promote and facilitate the collection, maintenance, and beneficial use of geographic information within the tribal government. Most of the tribal land base in the United States was set aside by the federal government as Native American Reservations.In California, about half of its reservations are called rancherías.In New Mexico, most reservations are called Pueblos.In some western states, notably Nevada, there are Native American areas called Indian colonies. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}45°42′N 118°30′W / 45.7°N 118.5°W / 45.7; -118.5, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Historical National Park Service photos from Umatilla Indian Reservation, A middle-aged man reflects on his life at the Umatilla reservation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Umatilla_Indian_Reservation&oldid=950442615, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from October 2013, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 April 2020, at 03:24. Its population stands at 16,745, according to the 2010 U.S. Census -- a jump of 27 percent. They serve two-year terms and are elected on staggered terms. [2][3] Some BIA agency offices serve more than one federally recognized tribe, but the Umatilla Agency exclusively serves the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR).[4]. They also paid per capita claims to tribal members for another part of it. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Clear 2 Table. It also has a golf course. [7] It is buying back land in watersheds of the Umatilla on its reservation, to preserve habitat. This new law generally takes effect on March 7, 2015, but also authorizes a voluntary "Pilot Project" to allow certain tribes to begin exercising special jurisdiction sooner. [14] It is concentrating on the more widely shared languages, as Cayuse became extinct by the end of the 19th century. With the development of wheat farming, population shifted to the north and east parts of the county, and a subsequent election in 1868 moved the county seat again to Pendleton. The Umatilla Reservation covers 157,982 acres, about 8% of Umatilla County. (The map below shows the cultural and language groups that existed prior to contact with settlers, and what the landscape of official reservations looks like today.) City: Pendleton, population 14,660. The Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla tribes make up the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. According to the U.S. Census, the tribe’s reservation and off-reservation trust land have a total population of approximately 2,800, 51.2 percent of whom are non-Indians. The tribes share land and a governmental structure as part of their confederation. [1], The CTUIR publishes the monthly newspaper, Confederated Umatilla Journal. The population was 59 at the 2000 census. Under the Tribal Law & Order Act of 2010, these groups have made changes to find better ways of achieving justice on the tribal lands. About 1,500 non-Indians also live on the Reservation. It serves an Indigenous population particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 and is surrounded by Oregon’s Umatilla and Union counties, which have had some of … It serves an Indigenous population particularly vulnerable to COVID-19 and is surrounded by Oregon’s Umatilla and Union counties, which have had some of … COVID-19 In Umatilla County. The reservation has a land area of 271.047 square miles (702.01 km2) and a tribal population of 2,927 as of the 2000 census. The Umatilla Indian Reservation … Cayuse is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States, located 11 miles (18 km) east of Pendleton on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Incorporated 1880. It contained four distinct regions that varied in terrain, climate and resources. [13], The tribe has developed schools and language curricula to teach and preserve its native languages. The Bureau of Justice along with Tribal Judicial members and the American Probation and Parole Association are working together to come up with effective ways to enhance sentencing on tribal lands. Map Umatilla … More Information: Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation 46411 Timine Way Pendleton, Oregon 97801 541-276-3165 © Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated January 2018. The Umatilla Indian Tribe. In 2013 the three-tribe confederation populated about 2,916 people, roughly half of the tribal population live on or near the reservation. The casino is located near Interstate 84. Since the Supreme Court's majority opinion in Oliphant v. Suquamish Indian Tribe, the tribal courts were prevented to trial a person who is not Native American, unless specifically authorized by the Congress. Today the confederation, united under a single tribal government adopted in 1949, numbers over 2,800 members (2011). CTUIR joined with the Nez Perce Tribe, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation and the Wanapum Band in seeking to have the remains reburied as required by traditional tribal law and according to the 1990 federal Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). In 2013 the three-tribe confederation populated about 2,916 people, roughly half of the tribal population live on or near the reservation. Survey and census questions cover poverty, income, and wealth. [9] The Wildhorse Casino opened in 1995. Some days later they would then be buried with their belongings. The Umatilla Indian Reservation was established by the Treaty of Walla Walla in 1855 They used some of that money in economic development efforts. When the leaders of the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla peoples signed the Treaty of Walla Walla with the United States in 1855, they ceded 6.4 million acres (26,000 km2) of their homeland that is now northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. All the tribes historically inhabited the Columbia Plateau region. [5][6][7] The CTUIR founded the Tamástslikt Cultural Institute, a museum that provides both historical and contemporary exhibits related to the confederated tribes, as well as exhibits of contemporary Native American arts and traditional craftwork. [8], In the early 1980s, under the tribe's leadership, salmon were reintroduced in the Umatilla River. In July 1996, ancient remains of a man were found near Kennewick, Washington. The tribes have created a joint political structure as part of their confederation. [3] Many times the supplies were late in coming or were inadequate for the population. [3], The tribe re-established its government in 1949, writing a constitution that provided for the election of members to the General Council. The CTUIR manages Kayak Public Transit, a free regional bus service, which has plans to expand routes and services in Umatilla. The tribe is developing Cay-Uma-Wa, a Head Start Program to include teaching native languages. The largest community is Mission, which is the site of the tribal headquarters as well as the Umatilla Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The Umatilla, Walla Walla, and Cayuse tribes agreed to live on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Umatilla is part of the Pendleton–Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area. [1] The largest community is Mission, which is the site of the tribal headquarters as well as the Umatilla Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The reservation is located near Pendleton, Oregon in northeastern Oregon at the base of the Blue Mountains in the Columbia River Plateau. The Confederated Tribes have exercised expansive criminal jurisdiction since the State of Oregon retroceded Public Law … This and other legislation made it possible for the members to sell their lands but they were preyed on by speculators and swindlers. A large portion of this area is fine wheat land, yielding an average of 35 bushels to the acre. [3], In addition, in the 20th century tribe pursued a major land claim case against the federal government, saying that the three tribes had traditionally controlled one million more acres of land than they had been compensated for following the 1855 treaty. Gradually the tribe took back communal control of its land and has regained more than 14,000 acres (57 km2) of what was lost. CTUIR decided not to pursue any more legal action but is seeking to strengthen NAGPRA. [10] It tells traditional stories of the Natítyat (Indian people), has exhibits of traditional clothing and tools, as well as art and crafts by contemporary people, and exhibits representing the contemporary world. County Courthouse. Reservation period. In exchange for ceding most of their territories they received supplies and annuities from the federal government, who then tried to encourage them to take up subsistence farming. [1] These are endangered, as the tribe has only about five native speakers of Walla Walla language and about 50 native speakers of Umatilla, both of the Sahaptin family. [3] As a member of the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, the CTUIR also shares management of the Columbia, Snake, Walla Walla, Tucannon, John Day, and Imnaha river basins. Umatilla Reservation. It also operates a radio station: KCUW.[1]. 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