urban violence in ethiopia
Jan 12 2021 4:42 AM

[Read] H.E @AUC_MoussaFaki Chairperson of the African Union Commission appeals for calm in Ethiopia: https://t.co/HZYlmgfu4H#Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/gksWUQPJyO, — African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2020. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. ( Log Out /  The popular Oromo singer, 36, was shot dead in the capital Addis Ababa on June 29 by unknown gunmen and was laid to rest later at a church in Ambo, his home town about 100 km west of the capital. violence as a trigger for urban violence The now largely accepted argument that deprivation is itself a form of violence gained prominence with John Galtung’s (1991) work on “struc- As Ethiopia prepares for delayed elections some time next year, towns will be places to watch—and worry about. In Ethiopia, all land is owned by the state. All rights reserved. Résidence Palace International Press Centre, Brussels. 1 General Overview: Sexual and Gender based Violence- Ethiopia Gender power imbalance, prevalent gender inequalities, impunity and gender discrimination remain the root causes of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in Ethiopia2. Sexual violence is also reportedly common. Ethiopia urban population for 2018 was 22,678,295, a 4.94% increase from 2017. In doing so it introduced the notion of ethnic ownership of cities and towns. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and food insecurity are an ever growing public health concerns in Ethiopia. VIOLENCE OF URBANIZATION, POOR NEIGHBOURHOODS AND LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS: LESSONS FROM ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA BUILT ENVIRONMENT VOL 40 NO 3 419 symbolic violence in urban spaces. Article 620 of the 2004 Criminal Code of Ethiopia, defines rape differently as compelled "sexual intercourse outside wedlock". But similar conflicts fester elsewhere, sometimes turning violent, as in the eastern city of Harar, where a minority of ethnic Harari enjoyed political privileges at the expense of much larger Oromo and Amhara populations. Ethiopia has shown that in the face of seemingly insurmountable urban pressures it is possible for even a very poor country to take radical steps. Cannot load blog information at this time. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. The edges of cities are often flashpoints of ethnic violence. Ethiopia urban population for 2016 was 20,581,872, a 5.06% increase from 2015. Despite considerable progress over the past two decades in advancing the visibility of the rights of children and adolescents to bodily integrity and a life free from violence, the transition from childhood … The Graça Machel Trust is gravely concerned by, the ongoing violence in Ethiopia, Mozambique and Uganda. About 68–81 % of women agree wife beating if husband has justify in at least one of specified situations in Ethiopia . ■, This article appeared in the Middle East & Africa section of the print edition under the headline "Urban brawl", Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. 15. Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda. An added sore is that public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers. While recognising that “They have a plan to dominate the economy of this town,” frets a non-Oromo. Change ). She sold her cows and began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become toxic. Towns across the vast region of Oromia, which surrounds Addis Ababa, were similarly ravaged. The conflict in Ethiopia's Tigray region has cost hundreds of lives and sent tens of thousands of people fleeing to Sudan over the past three weeks. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people – ‘youth bulges’. Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. HIV is a highly prevalent sexual health problem in Ethiopia. #BREAKING: #Ethiopia shuts down Internet services after protests linked to the killing of the prominent artist Hacalu Hundeesa erupted in parts of the capital #AddisAbaba. The latest bout was triggered by national politics: many Oromos saw Hachalu’s murder as an attack on the Oromo opposition movement. Disclosure bias for group versus individual reporting of violence amongst conflict-affected adolescent girls in DRC and Ethiopia. In recent years towns and cities in southern Ethiopia, especially in Oromia, have been flashpoints for political and ethnic turmoil. Understand the environment of violence and insecurity for women in urban slums. By one count 239 people were killed, some murdered by mobs, others by security forces. The second factor is land. ( Log Out /  There have been growing reports of prevailing crimes in Jenila district of Harar city. 2. Ethiopia, with the goal of informing the development of a pilot survey instrument to measure the prevalence and impact of GBI in selected urban slums of the same three cities. But a closer look at the pattern of violence in certain places suggests that local factors such as who owns land and businesses may also have played a big part. Late Haacaaluu’s songs were popluar among a generation of Oromo protesters whose three years of anti-government demonstrations finally forced the unprecedented resignation of the Prime minister, 2018, and the appointment of the Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. for domestic violence, as well as state intervention strategies. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. under the Urban Assistance programme and the Out of Camp Policy. So many grab lots of it, adding to the ranks of the landless and jobless. In Ethiopia, community policing has been announced ofcially as a national program in 2005 E.C with the impetus to nullify crimes at lower tiers. Much of their anger is also stoked by a fear that Abiy Ahmed, the prime minister, has reneged on promises he made in 2018 to end both authoritarian rule and the alleged marginalisation of Oromos. Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Establishing cities sometimes involved the eviction of those already on the land, including the Oromo clans who lived on ground that was taken for Addis Ababa. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. He leaves behind three daughters, the youngest a month old. The second chapter situates domestic violence in the context of Ethiopia and South Africa. The system also hardened perceptions of non-indigenous folk as alien settlers. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Trafficking of Women 54 6.3. ... who are often tasked with gathering water, are at an increased risk of sexual- and gender-based violence as … Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2021. The Oromo have long complained of exclusion from political process. Women and Migration 53 6.2. The threads that connect the carnage in Oromia with the plight of Tsige’s family are real, even if hard to see. Ethnic violence erupted in Ethiopia after the killing of singer Hachalu Hundessa. The hypothesis is that, without jobs, young people are prone to violence and pose a threat to society. Her sons dropped out of school to work as labourers on nearby building sites. Both of these women indicated that their status as mothers has made it difficult to break free. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Abstract and Figures Nowhere in Africa is urban development occurring as rapidly as in Ethiopia’s capital city, Addis Ababa, at the present moment. 2016. “Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. Rapid urban expansion, ongoing conflicts within Ethiopia and high levels of vulnerability to ongoing drought and seasonal floods continue to generate new displacements every year. Gender Based Violence 54 6.3.1 Interpersonal Violence 54 6.3.2 Domestic Violence 55 … to violence – both criminality and youth participation in political violence and armed groups. Urban Development and Construction 50 5.5. Oromo nationalists claim the city is part of their historic “homeland” and demand a final say over its governance. 5.4. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. This perception may further aggravate tensions. “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. In the past decade the expanding city has inched ever closer to Tsige’s village. Most study conducted on violence against … Although the constitution guarantees free land to farmers, in practice farmers and poor folk in cities have few legal protections from eviction, says Logan Cochrane, also of Hawassa University. “WE WERE BORN here, we grew up here, but now we live like beggars,” fumes Tsige Bule, gazing from a rain-splattered porch towards the grey and unfinished apartment block that looms over what remains of her family’s farmland. Old tensions are exacerbated by two factors in modern Ethiopian politics be particularly the case of Addis,! Increase from 2015 particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people are prone violence... Violence by their intimate partner thought to be particularly the case of Addis Ababa, similarly! Not yet well investigated bout was triggered by national politics: many Oromos saw Hachalu ’ s son Betemariam gender-based... 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