parallel stream vs completablefuture
Jan 12 2021 4:42 AM

Any stream operation without explicitly specified as parallel is treated as a sequential stream. What if my source is based on IO? In these cases, parallel streams are not usually a good choice, but good alternatives are available, for example async-IO and CompletableFuture designs. Java 8 brought us tools like CompletableFuture and Stream API… let’s try to combine them both and create a Stream that returns values from a collection of CompletableFutures as they arrive. For parallel stream, it takes 7-8 seconds. Streaming CompletableFutures. CompletableFuture class. On basic level, the tasks started by CompletableFuture can be divided in two categories: The tasks which do not return any result. P.S Tested with i7-7700, 16G RAM, WIndows 10 They look quite similar and it’s easy to get lost when you are not familiar with the API. The example providing its multithreading nature which is given as follows. parallel foreach() Works on multithreading concept: The only difference between stream().forEacch() and parrllel foreach() is the multithreading feature given in the parllel forEach().This is way more faster that foreach() and stream.forEach().Like stream().forEach() it also uses lambda symbol to perform functions. Specifically for our task execution application, if there are 50 tasks we can have better performance, with the following Executor : CompletableFuture implements CompletionStage and Future. For normal stream, it takes 27-29 seconds. This Java code will generate 10,000 random employees and save into 10,000 files, each employee save into a file. When a stream executes in parallel, the Java runtime partitions the stream into multiple substreams. Aggregate operations iterate over and process these substreams in parallel and then combine the results. 5.1 Parallel streams to increase the performance of a time-consuming save file tasks. Let’s see how we can code the execution of these two parallel threads as a continuation of the previous one: We create (using supplyAsync) a CompletableFuture that gets the safety box number and then combine it with the CompletableFuture that brings the result of the previous chain (thenCombineAsync). This approach was also employed when developing 1.0.0 of parallel-collectors. Streaming CompletableFutures This clearly shows that in sequential stream, each iteration waits for currently running one to finish, whereas, in parallel stream, eight threads are spawn simultaneously, remaining two, wait for others. The tasks which return a result. The static factory methods in this class are the starting points for executing tasks. This approach was used when developing 1.0.0 of parallel-collectors. CompletableFuture has an advantage over parallel streams that we can define our own Executor with the size of thread pool which better suites the need of our application. Sequential stream’s objects are pipelined in a single stream on the same processing system hence it never takes the advantage of the multi-core system even though the underlying system supports parallel execution. Currently, JDK IO-based Stream sources (for example BufferedReader.lines()) are mainly geared for sequential use, processing elements one-by-one as they arrive. This article discusses their difference and helps you understand which is the best choice for you depending on the situation. When you create a stream, it is always a serial stream unless otherwise specified. You can execute streams in serial or in parallel. Also notice the name of threads. In parallel stream, Fork and Join framework is used in the background to create multiple threads. 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