structural components of a building
Jan 12 2021 4:42 AM

Floor is generally referred to by its location. Cutting Electrical Chases in Brick Wall | Guidelines to Keep in Mind! Walls provide an enclosure and protect against wind, sunshine, rain etc. The structural system consists only of the members designed to carry the loads, and all other members are referred to as non-structural. Structural components are the primary load bearing components of a building, and each have their own structural properties which need to be considered. Basic component of buildings 1. He is the core member of Editorial team at GharPedia. 16 Liked This Article? Building Finishes: 14 11. For a single storey building, the top slab forms the roof. A pier is introduced to increase the stiffness of the wall to carry additional load or to carry vertical concentrated load. Parapets are installed for flat roofs. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. Please enter your email address. Such components are. A stair is a sequence of steps that connects different floors in a building structure. Sthapati Designers & Consultants Pvt. Why You Might Need to Upgrade Your Windows? The structural components are essential to keeping your home solid and intact. From that point of view a chair should have sufficient strong thick legs and firm support and so on. The structural components of roof decking in case of pitched roof is generally a truss, in case of curved roof it is a shell or dome and in case of flat roof it is a flat slab. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. Loads are usually divided into the following categories: Dead loads, which result from the mass of all the elements of the building, including footings, foundation, walls, suspended floors, frame and roof. Corner Columns . BASIC COMPONENT OF BUILDINGS By: Ar. Walls are vertical elements which support the roof. Mentioned below are the 12 basic components a building structure. Sign Up to The Constructor to ask questions, answer questions, write articles, and connect with other people. The selection of the type of material to be used depends upon the aesthetical importance, funds available, durability and fire resisting qualities desired. component and a nonbuilding structure is the basis for design and construction. In view of the above the walls, columns etc., are structural components of the building. The foundations of any structure should be laid much below the surface of the ground, for these four purposes. Sanjib Sengupta September 2016 2. Become VIP Member. The structure is responsible for maintaining the shape and form under the influence of subjected forces. This happens frequently with foundations. © 2009-2020 The Constructor. Single Flight Staircase vs. Read More: Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction. Such as: 1. Parapets are short walls extended above the roof slab. wind, earthquake acting on a building structure. A building element is any structural or non-structural component or assembly, incorporated into or associated with the operation of a building. Kitchen setup 3. Walls: 8 5. DPC is a layer of waterproofing material applied on the basement level to prevent the rise of surface water into the walls. A building consists of following basic components. Construction Safety Tips for Workers' Well-Being. Furnishing wooded doors & woodwork 5. Positioning & maintenance of lifts & stairs works The walls are constructed over the DPC. The role of each structural component is … sheets, etc. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, In case of a multi-storey building, the beam transfers the load coming from the floor above the slab which is in turn transferred to the columns. The structural system of a high-rise building is designed to cope with vertical gravity loads as well as lateral loads caused by wind or seismic activity. Flooring can be done by a variety of materials like tiles, granites, marbles, concrete, etc. Ravin Desai is Co-Founder of gharpedia.com and Director of SDCPL. 1 Components Of A Building: 2 1. The plinth is constructed above the ground level. A non-load bearing wall on the other hand carries its own weight and is not designed to carry super-imposed load from the structure. Superstructure: 4 1. First, the IRS ties in a “structural component” to the “of what” part: foundationally (a dual-use term as used in today’s blog posting), a structural component has to be a “constituent part of and integrated into an inherently permanent structure, [and] serve [] the inherently permanent structure in its passive function….” Beams are structural components on which the slabs rest. Most of the flats and high-rise buildings are built this way. Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground. Know the Difference Between Cement and Concrete. (i) Providing suitable slopes on the roof top for draining of rain water. It can be made from stones, bricks, concrete blocks, etc. Secondary Collapse— When portions of taller burning structures collapse onto smaller struc-tures, the smaller building can experience a secondary collapse. The basic components of a building structure are foundations, floors, walls, beams, columns, roofs, staircase, etc. These can be made of wood or steel and are inclusive of the roof trusses, the joists, the I-beams and the flooring. Living Room & Its Furniture For Your Home! The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. You will receive a link and will create a new password via email. The stair should be constructed in such a manner that it is safe and comfortable to use and it should be so located as to permit easy communication. Roof is the exterior and the uppermost part of any building structure. Depending upon the type of soil existing at site, its safe bearing capacity and the type of building which is required to constructed, a structure may need shallow or deep foundations. In a well-planned layout, the walls divide the space in such a manner so as to achieve maximum carpet area and minimum area of circulation. He has a Master’s degree in Civil Engineering (MS-USA) and has diverse experience of 12 years in multiple disciplines. Lost your password? In addition, walls provide security, privacy, and give protection against sun, rain, cold and other adverse effects of weather. Sub-Structure: 3 2. They divide a building into different levels so that creating more accommodation on a given plot of land. A roof can be either flat, curved or pitched in shape. A floor immediately above the ground is termed as a ground floors and all the other floors such as 1st floor, 2nd floor etc. In residential buildings, lintels can be either constructed from concrete or from bricks. A roof deck and roof cover form the two main parts of a roof structure. It acts as a safety wall for people using the roof. The floor is the surface laid on the plinth level. All buildings have similar components such as foundation, plinth, walls, floors, doors, windows and roof. The openings are provided in the wall of a building to accommodate the doors or windows. A column may be defined as vertical load bearing member the width of which is neither less than its thickness nor more than four times its thickness. The provision of foundation is made in such a manner that the soil below the foundation is not stressed beyond its safe allowable bearing capacity. According to another classification, the part of the building above ground is called the superstmcture, while the part below ground (including foundations, basemen!, and other underground structures) is called the substructure. Basic Components of a Building. Login to The Constructor to ask questions, answer people’s questions, write articles & connect with other people. This is the first structural unit to be constructed for any building construction. Pier also strengthens the wall to resist pressure without buckling. – Know More! In case of flat roofs, the roof covering is termed as terracing, which could comprise of a layer of varying thickness of material like lime, concrete, mud phuska etc. Pier is a vertical load bearing structural component similar to a column except that it is bonded into load bearing wall at the sides to form an integral part of the wall and extends to full height of the wall. It covers the top face of the building. Before flooring, the ground has to be properly compacted and leveled. They are normally provided as partition walls. Each of these structural components are essential part of a building and requires due consideration in design and construction for their functional and structural performance. Plinth beam is a beam structure constructed either at or above the ground level to take up the load of the wall coming over it. are termed as upper floors. Openings are provided in the walls for ventilation and access to the building. Introduction to 3D Printed Concrete House! Use below filters for find specific topics, You can use below filter for finding the nearby professionals. The inspector may notice some larger cracks in the foundation or perhaps it appears to be bowing out in an area. DPC: 7 4. Foundation is the lowest part of a structure below the ground level which is in direct contact with the ground and transfers all the dead, live load and other loads to the soil on which the structure rests. Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. On Dec. 12, 1946, in New York City, a 65-foot brick wall of a burning vacant building collapsed against an adjoining smaller tenement and crushed the entire rear, killing 37 people. Oiling & painting grillwork & metal-work. The building units are bonded together with mortar in horizontal and vertical joints and construction is termed as masonry. The structural components of a building’s exterior walls include the vertical studs, top and bottom plates, and window and door sills and headers. 4.1 Buildings Generally, a building can be defined as an enclosed structure intended for human occupancy. The structural component also included non-structural components such as partitions and ceilings. Every component has its own function. The concluding appearance of a building depends on such works. On this a damp proof course may be provided. Floor is an important part of a building. Read More: 21 Types of Beams in Construction. Thus, those components of any object which take the load and make survive the object are called the structural components of that object. The built covered area measured at the ground floor level is termed as plinth area. The foundation is the most critical structural component of any structure and many failures are probably due to faulty foundations rather than any other cause. All Rights Reserved. Any object or a building in order to survive its designed life and serve the function for which it is designed has to bear its own loads and loads applied or loads coming over it. We know that brick walls, concrete slabs (the structural part) and roof frames are most certainly structural building components. These loads are permanent, fixed and relatively easy to calculate. Foundation. The structural component that supports the roof cover is called a roof deck. STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS. Walls are provided to enclose or divide the floor space in desired pattern. Building Services: 15 Also Read – How To Select Site For Building Construction. The division of floor space varies depending on the functions required to be performed in the building. A good foundation must remain in position without sliding, bending, overturning or failing in any other way. The roof covering or roofing which is provided over pitched roof could be in the form of tiles, slates, A.C. sheets, G.I. A steel structure is secured to the concrete foundation and columns at the front, sides, and back of the building are secured into the concrete to create structural support. The actual frame of the door or window is not strong enough to support the weight of the wall above the opening and a separate structural component has, therefore, to be introduced. Column: 9 6. Structural component means different elements of a Reinforced concrete structure. To achieve this, the designer must make sure that the superstructure, foundation and soil act together. Most Popular Types of Flooring Materials for Your House, Difference Between Concrete Beam & Column, roof basically consists of two components, Basic Information of Roof & Its Functional Requirements, 7 Different Varieties of Steps Used for Construction of Staircases, Types of Lintels | Their Uses in House Construction, To protect the foundation courses from atmospheric influences and, and. Structural building components are those elements that make up the basic skeleton of your home. Painting walls 4. A lean concrete of 1 : 4 : 8, 100 mm thick is laid. Stairs: 12 9. These building components are classified in two categories. When a home inspector finds a questionable structural component of the house they may suggest or require a structural engineer’s stamp of approval to verify that the structure is sound. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "structural components" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Beams and slabs form the horizontal members in a building. provided over the sub-floor as a finishing layer for aesthetics. Normally, lintels are constructed by reinforced cement concrete. A slab is usually several inches thick and supported by beams, columns, walls, or the ground. Although structural components of buildings are generally excluded from the definition of “section 38 property” for purposes of the investment tax credit, the ----- has been specifically designed and engineered for Taxpayer’s commercial building. Weather Shades or chhajjas are generally combined with lintels of windows to protect them from the weather elements such as sun, rain, frost etc. Buildings and structural components have substantially longer depreciable lives than tangible personal property. 1. All Rights Reserved. There are different types of stairs like a wooden stair, R.C.C stair etc. What are the Different Types of Raft Foundation? The roof forms the topmost component of a building structure. footing and plinth of a building are a part of a sub-structure. Become VIP Member, Do you need to remove the ads? A roof basically consists of two components namely. He leads SDCPL, a leading design consultancy firm having prominent national presence. However, a building includes the structure itself and nonstructural components (e.g., cladding, roofing, interior walls and ceilings, HVAC systems, electrical systems) permanently attached to and supported by the structure. Depth of slab is small as compared to its length and breadth. Sub-Structure. These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure. There are two basic components of a building. Lintels are constructed above the wall openings like doors, windows, etc. Roofs can be either flat or sloped based on the location and weather conditions of the area. 6. The level of the surrounding ground is known as formation level or simply ground level and the level of the ground floor of the building is known as a plinth level. Shear Walls provide great stiffness to building in the direction of their orientation, which reduces lateral sway of the building and thus reduces damage to structure during earthquake or cyclone. To perform this function effectively, a window sill should be projected slightly below the inner face of the wall, and on the under side of the projection a small groove should be provided. The ceiling or roof of the structure is a slab. Plastering and pointing 2. The portion of the structure between the surface of the surrounding ground and surface of the floor, immediately above the ground known as a plinth. The basic purpose of a floor is to provide a firm and dry platform for people and for other items like furniture, stores, equipment etc. It is a cement-mortar layer lying between the substructure and the superstructure. The costs required for the structural components of a building need to be estimated by considering the earthquake potential [41–43]. Shear wall can also be defined as a wall which are reinforced and made of braced panels to carry lateral forces. To increase the stability of structure against overturning due to wind uplift. The Foundation is a structural unit that uniformly distributes the load from the superstructure to the underlying soil. Windows sills are usually weathered and throated to throw the rain water off the face of the wall. With the advancement of the technology different geometrical configurations like framed structure, load bearing structure, shed structure etc., are popularly used to withstand the loads of different buildings. This structure is a covering that is provided to protect the building from rain, snow, wind, sun and other adverse effects. Non-structural components are parapet walls, door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, tiles, paint etc. Beams and slabs are constructed by reinforced cement concrete (R.C.C). These structural components can be classified into horizontal components (Floors, roofs, and beams) and vertical components (columns and walls). FLOOR Floors are flat supporting structural components of a building. 12 Basic Components of a Building Structure, Substructure and Superstructure in Building Construction, What is Cross Wall Construction? Super Structure • The superstructure is that part of the building which is above the ground and which serves the purpose of building’s intended use. He is also co-founder of 1mnt.in, the first-in-Industry software for contractors’ billing. The structure is designed not only to meet the requirements of the building safety aspect but also mandatory to consider the economic aspects. 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